United States Sports Academy
America's Sports University®

The Sport Digest - ISSN: 1558-6448

volume 14 number 2

The Components of Fitness & Exercise Physiology

The desire to achieve the perfect body or a better quality of life has been driving the fitness industry over the course of the past two decades and it shows no signs of slowing down. Regardless how an individual approaches health and fitness, a general understanding of the components of fitness and exercise physiology are required.

The Personal Trainer

The topics of fitness, health and the quality of life are prevalently talked about and advertised within the various media arenas today. Staying healthy by eating right and engaging in daily exercise is the current craze.

A key to securing a healthier lifestyle and staying fit and healthy is thru education—- the education that comes from sound advice on nutrition and training that is backed-up by science. Sometimes it is necessary to seek professional help to acquire this knowledge and hire a personal trainer.

Physical Activity and Exercise for Older Adults


It’s a serious problem for older adults to increase in age every year. Before 2030, the number of individuals 65 yr and over will reach 70 million in the United States alone; persons 85 yr and older will be the fastest growing segment of the population. As more individuals live longer, it is imperative to determine the extent and mechanisms by which exercise and physical activity can improve health, functional capacity, quality of life, and independence in this population (Robert et al, 1999). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among older adults worldwide, including Europe, Asia, and North America (Taylor-Piliae , Haskell , Sivarajan ,2005). Thus, current estimates predict that the number of adults over the age of 65 years (older adults) will increase from 13% of the U.S. population in 2000 to 20% by 2030, with the most rapid expansion occurring among those aged 85 and older (Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, 2000). Evan, Michael, Douglas & Crowell (1999) showed the office-based pre-participation evaluation for older adults addresses cardiovascular status, muscle strength, flexibility, balance, and agility. Thus, it’s very important for older adults to exercise and physical activity.

The True Story of Steroid Destruction

Many people in the public know the positive and negative effects steroids can cause to a person, but if you ask them if how they found out about it, a huge response would be the news. People don’t want to find out about something unless it affects them directly. Take AIDS for an example. Not a person in the United States in America wanted to know about AIDS until someone famous was diagnosed with the disease. When we found out about someone of that stature getting a disease everyone wants to know all about it because we as a nation are ignorant to the fact of the ways of obtaining it. I guess we all thought that it couldn’t happen to the upper echelon people of the world. The old outlook on AIDS was that only homosexuals and impoverished people had AIDS.

The Impact of Internet Marketing on Pooled Interdependent Australian Sporting Organizations

This study investigated the impact of Internet marketing on pooled interdependent Australian sporting organizations that had been online (publicly accessible) from the year 2000 to 2004. Determinants of revenue and costs in Australian sporting organizations involved in Internet marketing were examined and, in addition to investigating for revenue and costs, literature driven Internet marketing practices were used to analyse Internet marketing practice in the study’s population. Therefore, the study examined relationships among Internet marketing practices in the context of Australian sporting organizations and their utilizations of various Internet marketing techniques (as connected to revenue and cost). Thus, a bigger picture of the effects and impacts on Internet marketing in these organizations could be presented.

MRSA - Attacking Athletes Everywhere

The Attack

Athletes are facing an attack from a new competitor. This competitor can be deadly. This competitor is called MRSA – methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria -commonly known as “Staph Infection”.